|Introduction: Risk, geohazard and mitigation|
|Course synopsis and aims|
|The aim of this course is to familiarize students with natural hazards and their associated risks. This unit of study is presented in two parts. The first part deals with concepts related to geohazards, risk assessment and mitigation. The first six weeks of the course focuses on earthquakes, tsunamis and tropical cyclones. The focus of these lectures is to equipped students with a solid understanding of the causes of these processes and to describe their associated hazards to local population and infrastructures. The practical classes for the first part of the course introduce students to practical aspects in the collection and analysis of geo-spatial data in the context of risk assessment. They emphasise the type of geo-spatial and time series data collected and used in risk analysis and geohazard mitigation. The second part of the unit introduces the broader principles of spatial analysis and examines how these can be applied in predicting and managing natural hazards in relation to bushfires. The unit also aims to assist students develop their understanding of spatial analysis through practical experience in the use of GIS and mapping technology.|
|The objectives of this course are:
• To learn about the causes and consequences of earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones and bushfires.
• To understand the concepts of exposure, vulnerability and risk in the context of the above geohazards.
• To understand the conceptual and theoretical basis of spatial analysis and Geographical Information Science (GIS) and apply GIS as a mechanism for assessing hazard vulnerability.
• To recognize the role of spatial analysis in understanding landscape pattern and relate this to the prediction and management of natural hazards.
• To undertake geographical enquiry and develop spatial reasoning skills
• To critically reflect on how the outcomes of spatial models can inform environmental decision-making and management of natural hazards.
• To gain practical experience in the use of environmental mapping equipment (GPS) in the field and the GIS software package ArcGIS.
|A half-day fieldtrip to the St. Ives Showground is scheduled for Week 9 (dates and times to be announced). The aim of the fieldtrip is to measure fuel load characteristics in an urban bushland area. The data collected during the fieldtrip will be integrated into GIS and form the basis of the Bush Fire Hazard Mapping Assessment.|
|Required GIS Text (*) Reading List|
|Delaney, J. and Van Neil, K., 2006. Geographical Information Systems: An Introduction, Second Edition, Oxford University Press.
Burrough, P. A. and McDonnell, 1998. Principles of Geographical Information Systems, 2nd Edition, Oxford University Press.
Delaney, J. 1999. Geographical Information Systems An Introduction, Oxford University Press.
DeMers, M. N., 2005. Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems, John Wiley and Sons, US.
Heywood, Cornelius, Carver, 2006. An Introduction to Geographical Information Systems, 2nd Edition, Pearson Education, 426 pp.
*Longley, P. A., Goodchild M. F., Maguire, D. J. and Rhind, D. W. 2005. Geographic Information Systems and Science, John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2nd Edition, 536pp.
*Chapman, D. M., 1998, Natural Hazards, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, Melbourne.
|Required Natural Hazard Texts (*) Reading List|
***Middelmann, M.H., (Editor) 2007. Natural Hazards in Australia: Identifying Risk Analysis Requirements. Geoscience Australia, Canberra. http://www.ga.gov.au/hazards/ (look for the link on the right side of the page.)
*Donald L Turcotte 1999. Self Organized Criticality. Rep. Prog. Phys. 62 1377-1429.
|Free GIS tools:|
Neteler, M., Mitasova, H., 2004. Open Source GIS: A GRASS GIS Approach, Second ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, MA, 424pp. http://grass.itc.it