Dr Emma Calgaro BA (UOW) BA (Hons) (MQU), PHD (MQU)

Emma

Honorary Associate
Hazards Research Group (HRG)
Madsen Building (F09), Rm 444
School of Geosciences
(Based in Bangkok)

Phone: +66 (0)2 619 7638
Mobile: +66 (0) 830 363 167
Email: emma.calgaro@sydney.edu.au||emma.calgaro@sydney.edu.au]]
LinkedIn: http://au.linkedin.com/pub/dir/Emma/Calgaro

Emma Calgaro is a human geographer specialising in disaster risk reduction, vulnerability, and resilience. Her research explores the drivers of vulnerability and resilience in the coupled human-environment system with a regional focus on South-East Asia and Australia and the South Pacific. Specifically, she focuses on understanding the complex set of contextual factors (socio-cultural, political, economic, and biophysical) that impede and/or improve resilience and vulnerability levels to risk, with a strong focus on contextual vulnerability in tourism destinations. Her research aims to advance the theoretical underpinnings of vulnerability research and sustainability science and applying these theoretical advances to the tourism context.

Area of Interest

  • Vulnerability research and its application to tourism and development
  • Human dimensions of environmental change and risk responses
  • Theoretical approaches in vulnerability research and sustainability science with an emphasis on contextual influences on change in the coupled human-environment system
  • Building resilience and adaptive capacity to change
  • Disaster risk reduction, with an emphasis on the coastal zone
  • Cross-cultural understandings of risk and response
  • Contested framings of disaster and emergency management
  • The politics of aid and change
  • Geographies of scale, place, and temporality and their application to sustainability science, tourism, and development

Publications

Journal Articles

  • van der Veeken, S., Calgaro, E., Law, A., Munk Klint, L., Jiang, M., DeLacy, T. and Dominey-Howes. D. (in review). Tourism destinations’ vulnerability to climate change: A case study of nature-based tourism in Vava’u, the Kingdom of Tonga. Regional Environmental Change.
  • Calgaro, E., Lloyd, K. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2013) From vulnerability to transformation: A framework for assessing the vulnerability and resilience of tourism destinations. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2013.826229.
  • Calgaro, E., Dominey-Howes, D., and Lloyd, K. (2013) Application of the Destination
    Sustainability Framework (DSF) to explore the drivers of vulnerability in Thailand following the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2013.826231.
  • Munk Klint, L., Jiang, M., Law, A., DeLacy, T., Filepa, S., Calgaro, E., Dominey-Howes, D., Harrison, D. (2012). Dive tourism in Luganville, Vanuatu: shocks, stressors and vulnerability to climate change. Journal of Tourism in Marine Environments, Special issue on Scuba diving: Exploring Issues of Its System. 8 (1/2). 91-109.
  • van Zijll de Jong, S. L., Dominey-Howes, D., Roman, C. E., Calgaro, E., Gero, A., Veland, S., Bird, D. K., Muliaina, T., Tuiloma-Sua, D. and Afioga, T. L. (2011) Process, practice and priorities – reflections on, and suggestions for, undertaking socially-oriented field reconnaissance as part of an UNESCO-IOC International Tsunami Survey Team, Earth Science Review, Special Issue on 2009 Samoan Tsunami., 107 (1-2), 174-192.
  • Larsen, R. K., Calgaro, E. and Thomalla, F. (2011) Governing resilience building in Thailand’s tourism-dependent coastal communities: The role of stakeholder agency. Global Environmental Change, 21 (2), 481-491.
  • Calgaro, E. and Lloyd, K. (2008) Sun, sea, sand and tsunami: examining disaster vulnerability in the tourism community of Khao Lak, Thailand, Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography, 29, 288-306.

Book chapters

  • Jiang, M., Calgaro, E., Klint, L., Dominey-Howes, D., DeLacy, T. and Noakes, S. (in review). Understanding Climate Change Vulnerability and Resilience of Tourism Destinations: an example of Community-based Tourism in Samoa for Pratt, S., and Harrison, D. (eds.) Small Islands and Tourism: Current Issues and Future Challenges, University of the South Pacific Press.

Reports

  • Calgaro, E. Allen, J., Craig, N., Craig, L. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2013). Deaf Community Experience, Knowledge & Needs - Final Results Report. Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community in NSW to natural hazards - Project Report (Milestone 2 & 3). Sydney: University of New South Wales, 156pp.
  • Calgaro, E. Craig, L., Craig, N. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2013). Emergency Services Capacity Assessment -Final Results Report. Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community in NSW to natural hazards - Project Report (Milestone 4). Sydney: University of New South Wales, 91pp.
  • Calgaro, E. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2013). A ‘Road Map’ for The Hazard Scenario, The Communication of Hazard & Risk Information & Recommendations. Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community in NSW to natural hazards - Project Report (Milestones 5 & 6). Sydney: University of New South Wales, 6pp.
  • Calgaro, E. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2013). Final Project Report. Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community in NSW to natural hazards - Project Report (Milestone 7). Sydney: University of New South Wales, 59pp.
  • Calgaro, E. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2012). Synthesis Literature Review. Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community in NSW to natural hazards - Project Report (Milestone 1). Sydney: University of New South Wales, 55pp.
  • Jiang, M., Calgaro, E., Klint, L., Bisht, T., Hendriyetty, N., van der Veeken, S., Van den Eynde, A., Dominey-Howes, D., and DeLacy, T. (2012). Vulnerability resilience assessment for Samoa. A Technical Report for the AusAID Pacific Tourism – Climate Adaptation Project. PT-CAP Technical Report No. 9, Centre for Tourism and Services Research, Victoria University, Melbourne, 97pp.
  • van der Veeken, S., Calgaro, E., Jiang, M., Law, A., and Klint, L., and DeLacy, T. (2012) Vulnerability resilience assessment for Vanuatu. A Technical Report for the AusAID Pacific Tourism – Climate Adaptation Project. PT-CAP Technical Report No. 8, Centre for Tourism and Services Research, Victoria University, Melbourne, 86pp.
  • Klint, L., Calgaro, E., Jiang, M., Law, A., and DeLacy, T. (2011). Vulnerability resilience assessment for Vanuatu. A Technical Report for the AusAID Pacific Tourism – Climate Adaptation Project. PT-CAP Technical Report No. 7, Centre for Tourism and Services Research, Victoria University, Melbourne, 104pp.
  • Calgaro, E. and Cochrane, J. (2009) Comparative Destination Vulnerability Assessment for Sri Lanka and Thailand. Sustainable Recovery and Resilience Building in the Tsunami Affected Region - SEI Project Report. Stockholm, Stockholm Environment Institute.
  • Calgaro, E., Naruchaikusol, S. & Pongponrat, K. (2009) Comparative Destination Vulnerability Assessment for Khao Lak, Patong Beach and Phi Phi Don. Sustainable Recovery and Resilience Building in the Tsunami Affected Region - SEI Project Report. Stockholm, Stockholm Environment Institute.
  • Calgaro, E., Pongponrat, K. & Naruchaikusol, S. (2009) Destination Vulnerability Assessment for Khao Lak, Thailand. Sustainable Recovery and Resilience Building in the Tsunami Affected Region - SEI Project Report. Stockholm, Stockholm Environment Institute.
  • Calgaro, E. (2005) Paradise in tatters: an analysis of vulnerability of the tourism community of Khao Lak, Thailand to the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, Research Report, Stockholm Environment Institute, ISBN 91-975238-8-7, 97pp.

Conference Presentations

  • Rebane, M., Jarrett, T., Richards, A., Matairavula, K. and Allen, C., Calgaro, E. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2013) ‘Enhancing community empowerment, ownership, and resilience to natural hazards in the Deaf Community of New South Wales (NSW), Australia’ (poster presentation). 2013 AFAC and Bushfire CRC Conference, Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre, Melbourne, Australia, 2-5 September 2013.
  • Calgaro, E. (2012). ‘Elephant in the room: Exploring the role of context in influencing vulnerability levels following the 2004 Sumatra Tsunami’ (presentation). 2012 Institute of Australian Geographers (IAG) Conference, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, 2-4 July 2012.
  • Matairavula, K., Calgaro, E., Allen, C., Richards, A., Rebane, M, Jarrett, T. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2012) ‘Deaf gain: Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community through inclusion and mutual understanding’ (presentation). 2012 Institute of Australian Geographers (IAG) Conference, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia, 2-4 July 2012.
  • Calgaro, E. (2012). ‘Elephant in the room: Exploring the role of context in influencing vulnerability levels following the 2004 Sumatra Tsunami’ (poster presentation). 6th Australasian Natural Hazards Management Conference, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 20-24 August 2012.
  • Matairavula, K., Calgaro, E., Allen, C., Richards, A., Rebane, M, Jarrett, T. and Dominey-Howes, D. (2012) ‘Deaf gain: Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community through inclusion and mutual understanding’ (presentation). 6th Australasian Natural Hazards Management Conference, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 20-24 August 2012.
  • Calgaro, E., DeLacy, T., Jiang, M., and Jopp, R. (2010). Moving beyond impacts: Placing adaptation and resilience at the forefront of tourism development strategies. 2010 International Climate Change Adaptation Conference: Climate Adaptation Futures, Gold Coast Convention Centre, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 29 June - 1 July 2010.
  • Roman, C. E., Velend, S. Calgaro, E., and Dominey-Howes, D. (2010). ‘Ground-truthing’ adaptation research – a collective reflection on contextual adaptation issues (poster presentation). 2010 International Climate Change Adaptation Conference: Climate Adaptation Futures, Gold Coast Convention Centre, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, 29 June - 1 July 2010.
  • Larsen, R.K., Calgaro, E. and Thomalla, F. (2009). Governing Resilience Building in Thailand’s Tourism-dependent Coastal Communities: The Role of Stakeholder Agency. Paper presented in the session: Meeting Challenges of Climate Change at the Local Government Level through ICM at the East Asian Seas Congress, Manila, the Philippines, 23-27 November 2009.
  • Thomalla, F., Larsen, R. K., Calgaro, E., Ahmed, A. K., and Rafliana, I. (2009). Building Resilience to Coastal Hazards: Lessons from Post-tsunami Efforts in the Indian Ocean. Session at the 4th Annual International Workshop & Expo on Sumatra Tsunami Disaster & Recovery 2009. Tsunami and Disaster Mitigation Research Center (TDMRC), Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia, 23-25 November 2009.
  • Thomalla, F., Larsen, R. K. and Calgaro, E. (2009). Building Resilience to Coastal Hazards and Climate Change: Lessons from Post-tsunami Efforts in the Indian Ocean. Balancing Choices and Effects in a Dynamic World, Institute of Australian Geographers (IAG) Conference, James Cook University, Cairns, Australia, 28 September – 1 October 2009.
  • Calgaro, E. (2009) Onwards and upwards: a conceptual framework for building resilient destination communities in a world of uncertainty, 25th ASEASUK Conference, Swansea University, Swansea, 11-13 September 2009.
  • Thomalla, F., Calgaro, E., Chiang, K. K., Han, G., Miller, F. and Zou, L. (2006) Reducing Vulnerability to Coastal Hazards in Southeast Asia: Insights and Challenges for Linking Science, Policy & Practice. Keynote presentation given at the SPICE/LOICZ Southeast Asia Coastal Governance and Management Forum: Science Meets Policy for Coastal Management and Capacity Building, Bali, Indonesia, 14-16 November 2006.
  • Calgaro, E. (2005) Paradise in tatters: an analysis of the vulnerability of the tourism dependent community of Khao Lak, Thailand to the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. Presentation given at the 9th Annual Geographical Society of NSW Honours Student Conference, Macquarie University, 18 November 18, 2005.

Current Projects

  • 2011-2013 Increasing the resilience of the Deaf Community in NSW to natural hazards and disasters. University of NSW.
    Funded by the NSW State Government via the Natural Disaster Resilience Program (NDRP).
  • 2013 Building Capacity for Socio-ecological Resilience to Coral Bleaching Events in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. University of NSW.
    Funded by the Asia Pacific Network Global Environmental Change Research’s (APN) Scientific Capacity Building/Enhancement for Sustainable Development in Developing Countries (CAPaBLE) Programme.